Tag Archives: Structural

Expansion and Contraction in PVC Pool Piping

In the commercial swimming pool industry, the overwhelming choice for pool piping material selection is Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC). The use of such materials can provide security, as it is non-corrosive, and if installed properly, some would say this pipe material can provide an almost infinite life span. But, in comparison to other pipe material selections, […]

Pool Waterproofing

Swimming pool vessels are intended to hold water without leaking.  Therefore regardless of the materials of construction, success is measured by having a watertight vessel across all surfaces, joints, and penetrations.  The effect of a swimming pool leaking water could be minimal or catastrophic. Waterproofing through materials of construction:  The structural design of the concrete […]

Design-Bid-Build or Design-Build?

Communities responsible for the creation of a new swimming pool and natatorium are often faced with choosing between a conventional AIA protocol of design programming, schematic design, design development and construction documents, bidding and construction administration as compared to negotiating with a sole source package pool installer (design-build).  One must be knowledgably about different manufacturers […]

Relative to the structural design of swimming pools, which codes and standards apply?

All fifty states adopt the International Building Code (IBC) as their model code. IBC is published by the International Codes Council. Most states also have a “state specific” code, as well as some cities. Within IBC, Reference Standards are used. These Reference Standards are material-specific or use-specific, typically written by industry organizations. So, the code […]


Many people use different definitions for the term “Shotcrete”. To clarify, the International Building Code (IBC), Section 1910 clearly defines “Shotcrete” as “…a mortar or concrete that is pneumatically projected at high velocity onto a surface.” The American Concrete Institute (ACI) ACI 506 (Guide to Shotcrete) further defines shotcrete as a “wet-mix” process and “gunite” […]