Category Archives: Research

Immersion In Shoulder Deep Water Results In Cardiovascular And Respiratory Exercise Similar To A Gym Workout.

Hydrostatic pressure from immersion in water forces more blood to the central organs, increasing cardiac stroke volume and cardiac output, which is a similar effect caused by exercise. In addition, immersion also impacts liver and hormone production (endocrine system) and respirator exercise to breathe against the pressure imparted by the water. As with any exercise, increasing activity provides additional benefits. Yet with aging and growing sedentary populations who are less prone to exercise, immersion or light  activity in the water are ideal to gain heart, respiratory, and relaxation benefits with minimal risk of injury. (Comprehensive Aquatic Therapy, Ch. 2. Biophysiological Aspects of Hydrotherapy, WSU Publishing, 2011).

The above data was shared at the Learn-To-Swim Innovator Meeting in Colorado Springs Colorado on April 25, 2012. This meeting was sponsored by the National Swimming Pool Foundation.

 

 

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Almost Half Of Americans Are Afraid Of The Deep End Of A Pool.

Two-thirds of Americans are afraid of deep water in lakes, rivers, and oceans

A study performed by Gallup (n-815) and presented at the 2008 World Aquatic Health Conference (Melon Dash) indicates that 64% of Americans are afraid in the deep, open water (lakes, rivers, oceans, etc.)  Forty-six percent are afraid in deep water in pools.  Even 39% are afraid to put their heads under water.  It seems reasonable to surmise that if an individual is afraid of a specific environment, it is less likely that the individual would advocate participating in activities in that environment.  If that individual has influence of family purchasing decisions, it is reasonable to conclude that over half of American households may oppose the idea of engaging in aquatic activities.

People don’t think about “strokes” when they think they are going to die

Overcoming change is a substantial barrier for most people.  Overcoming fear is even a greater obstacle.  Gallup research suggests that almost half of American adults fear deep water.  Most learn-to-swim programs focus on children and development of the ability to perform a variety of swim strokes.  The marketing of learn-to-swim programs may not connect to this large market segment.  As a result, in it important to explore and support programs that are tailored to the fearful adult.

The above data was shared at the Learn-To-Swim Innovator Meeting in Colorado Springs Colorado on April 25, 2012.  This meeting was sponsored by the National Swimming Pool Foundation

 

Swimming Is The Top “Aspirational Activity” For Kids And Seniors

The Sporting Good Manufacturing Association partners with five other organizations to ascertain activity popularity. In 2011, they measured the activity of different age groups hope or wish to do (aspirational activity) for seven age groups ranging from six to 65+ years of age. “Swimming for fitness” was in the top three aspirational activities for EVERY age group. In fact, “swimming for fitness” was the leading aspirational activity for the 6-12 and the 65+ age groups. US census data suggests that the 65+ age group will increase from about 39.5 million  July 1, 2009) to about $88.5 million (2050),  according to the US Census Bureau. This finding demonstrates there is substantial interest throughout the population.

The above data was shared at the Learn-To-Swim Innovator Meeting in Colorado Springs Colorado on April 25, 2012. This meeting was sponsored by the National Swimming Pool Foundation.

Swimmers Have A Lower Mortality Rate Than Runners And Walkers

It is universally-accepted that physical activity is good for your health and reduces mortality rates. Studies that compare mortality rates between swimmers and other common physical activities are rare. The most compelling findings are those  of Chase, Sui, & Blair (IJARE, 2008, 2(3), 213-223)  that compared 40,517  men  20-90 years who completed health examinations from 1971-2003 as part  of the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study administered by the Cooper Institute.  After adjusting for age, body mass index, smoking status, alcohol intake, and family history of cardiovascular disease, swimmers had a 50% and 49% lower all-cause morality risk than did men who were walkers or runners.

The above data was shared at the Learn-To-Swim Innovator Meeting in Colorado Springs Colorado on April 25, 2012.  This meeting was sponsored by the National Swimming Pool Foundation.

 

 

UV and Chlorine Water Disinfection Research

Purdue University, was awarded a grant of $75,000 as the first step in a three-year program to research combined UV and chlorine swimming pool water disinfection methods. The research will examine the effects of combined treatment on water and air chemistry in chlorinated, indoor pool settings.  The grant, managed and administered under the NSPF industrial research grants category.  The goal of this work is to give industry, regulators, facility operators and management a better understanding of swimming pool disinfection byproduct chemistry and technology options for their control, including Cryptosporidium inactivation. In turn this information will be helpful in reducing human exposure to DBPs in recreational water facilities.